Whether you believe your personality and beliefs come from your genetics, from upbringing and life experiences, or both – in many ways we are who we are. Converge International explores how to create a growth mindset.
It’s important to be proud of who we are and surround ourselves with people who love us unconditionally, however, that doesn’t mean we should close off to the idea of learning new things! If we become too set in our ways, and develop a fixed mindset, over time our mental health and overall happiness can actually suffer as a result. Moreover, if too many employees within a business (or a clinic!) have fixed mindsets, then it can negatively impact improvement and progress.
The term ‘growth mindset’ was originally coined by Carol Dweck, a psychologist, professor, and researcher at Stanford University, in her 2006 book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. In this book, she describes two types of mindsets: fixed and growth mindsets.
A fixed mindset refers to things we pick up early in our development, where we’re influenced by the opinions of teachers, parents, bosses, colleagues and friends who tell us we are ‘good’ at something. If this becomes our entrenched narrative, we may decide we’re only talented enough to succeed at certain things and close ourselves off to other options because we’re terrified of failure. On the flip side, we may become too overly confident in specific disciplines and shut off from other things we could be more successful at – and happier doing!
A person with a growth mindset thinks differently. They believe that your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts and that although people may differ – in their initial talents and aptitudes, interests, or temperaments – everyone can change and grow through application and experience.
They don’t necessarily believe that anyone can do absolutely anything, but that a person’s true potential is unknown and that it’s impossible to foresee what can be accomplished with years of passion and commitment.
Distinguishing between a growth mindset and a fixed mindset may seem subjective. However, Dweck, and others in her field, have consistently shown that different mindsets can significantly change the way individuals shape and lead teams. Her research has shown that employees in a ‘growth mindset’ company are:
Let’s examine why this happens:
1) Increased trust
If employees have fixed mindsets, they tend to believe their abilities and those of their colleagues are essentially set, and are more likely to view their colleagues as competitors in a race for success rather than as collaborators. This means they’re less likely to trust their peers and the business as a whole.
2) Better morale
In a business that champions a growth mindset, employees understand that leaders will judge their performance based on their effort and creativity rather than their willingness to support short-term thinking. A growth mindset also empowers employees to ask questions and offer up their own ideas.
3) Increased risk-taking
The first two points lead to employees being more willing to take risks in the workplace. When individuals and businesses believe their capacities are fixed, they’re more likely to focus on specific, short-term goals (such as sales or quarterly returns) rather than longer-term possibilities. As a result, employees and leaders may avoid following through on ideas that could impact success in the long run.
Even though mindsets are personal, the way leaders manage their teams can have a major impact on the culture. Here are some key pointers to promote a growth mindset at work:
Even though someone can have bags of talent, it doesn’t mean they’ll be successful at their job. A business that has a growth mindset environment promotes the idea that anyone can succeed if they apply the right strategies, work hard and ask for help to improve a little each day. It’s imperative that this ethos comes from the top down. An employee’s mindset is highly responsive to triggers like their working environment – and the messages they receive from their managers.
You don’t have to wait for cues from your management. Remember, many people we consider as having experienced huge success have failed multiple times. Stephen King’s novel, Carrie, was rejected by 30 publishers before its phenomenal success, and a similar number initially rejected the Harry Potter manuscript. The founder of Honda went broke, had his first factory bombed during the Second World War and saw his second factory destroyed by an earthquake, but the company survived and has grown to be one of the world’s great car companies.
So, try the following suggestions if you want to develop a growth mindset yourself:
1) Hang out with people who do have a growth mindset
If you surround yourself with other people who have a fixed mindset, you’re likely to fall into that trap yourself. People who demonstrate a commitment to learning and a passion for experimentation should be sought out. These people will encourage collaboration, act with initiative, and have the foresight and resilience to adapt to future challenges. You can learn from this and grow with them.
2) Don’t be afraid of failure
This is perhaps the most important point of them all. Thomas Edison, when describing how he eventually invented the lightbulb, once famously said “I have not failed, I have found over 9,000 ways that won’t work.” This, he pointed out, put him closer to success. Without risk-taking, creativity and innovation are completely stifled, making it harder to propel ideas forward. Remember that failure is an inevitable part of life. When you fail, there is always something to learn — even if that means going back to the drawing board and changing your approach.
3) Tap into what motivates you
You need to search for something in your work that inspires you, not just external rewards. These are called your intrinsic motivators (or self-motivation), and they’re far more powerful than external motivators. This motivation is based on three key factors:
By focusing on these three things, you can encourage yourself and others to pursue these ideas of autonomy, mastery, and purpose. Doing so can increase your engagement and drive, and — most importantly — improve your sense of fulfilment at work.
4) Be emotionally agile
Be aware of your reactions when you fail. How do you feel? What do you tell yourself? Where possible, try to change the storyline you tell yourself internally, from “I’m not good at this” to “I might need to keep working on this to get better”. Instead of confronting anger, for example, with an “I am angry” outlook, you can observe anger as “I am currently experiencing an emotion like anger.” Adopting a growth mindset separates you from the emotion — giving you scope to reflect and learn from it.
The world is your oyster, so take the plunge and take an educated risk at work. If you get it wrong, that’s okay! Learn from it, don’t dwell on the set back, but rather build upon the mistake to achieve something better. Take it from Steven Spielberg, who stated: “All good ideas start out as bad ideas, that’s why it takes so long”.
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